Hearts: The Transnational Crime. Click for detail
Clubs: Interregional Crime Level. Click for detail
Diamonds: Crime at the federal level. Click for detail
Spades: Crime at the regional level. Click for detail
Born on April 5, 1967, in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) in a family of students- engineers.
In 1984 he graduated from the School ¹ 222 (sport-class, specializing in water polo), the repeated champion of Leningrad's water polo team sports community “Vodnik”.
Higher education. In 1992 he graduated from Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (specialty - Robotics).
In 1986-1988 he served in the Soviet Army (Sports company of the Leningrad Military District).
In 1992 he founded LEK (in equal parts with Rogachev A.V.) (The original name - LEK Estate) focused on real estate transactions.
He is the manager of the company since it has been founded.
In 1993 he chose the primary housing market of St. Petersburg (Development, Construction, Financing, Implementation) as the specialty of the Company business. Other activities of the Company (the secondary housing market, rental market, etc.) were closed.
After the crisis of 1998, he proposed the idea and was the first in Russia to implement on its basis a successful project for the construction of studios under its own brand "Real" (an apartment at the price of a room).
Since 2003, apart from St. Petersburg, the “LEK” company (under the brands "PST" and "Infort") has been running construction projects in Moscow, Kiev, Sochi, Novosibirsk.
Since the middle of the 2000’s, “LEK” Company - the leader of the construction market of St. Petersburg and North-West region of Russia (it owns 25% of the primary market of commercial housing in St. Petersburg).
In 2001 he founded company “Macromir" (in equal parts with Rogachev A.V.) (specializing in the construction and leasing of retail areas in its own large shopping complexes).
By the middle of 2008, the mall areas of “Macromir" company operating in St. Petersburg were up to 250,000 sq.km ("French Boulevard", "Rodeo Drive", "Fiolent", "Felicita"). There were at least 1 million square meters of retail space (in St. Petersburg, Moscow region, Nizhny Novgorod, Yekaterinburg, Ufa, Perm, Dzerzhinsk) under construction or design.
After business separation in the second half of 2008, Pavel Andreev became the only controller of the “LEK” Company, as well as the part of the assets referred to the “LEK” Company from the former “Macromir" company assets (the other part, and the Macromir company assets came under the sole control of Rogachev A.V).
In the early 2000 Pavel Andreev, planning to develop his own automobile business, registered in his possession trade marks "Pobeda", "Chaika", etc. However, after O. Deripaska had bought Gorkovsky Automobile Plant and announced his intentions to revive the Soviet-known brands, Pavel Andreev gave those rare signs to the structures of Deripaska.
Marital status - single (divorced), two daughters (the younger daughter Irina - played Ksyusha in the TV series "My Fair Nanny").
According to the rating of 2008, he entered the list of the five richest Petersburg businessmen (occupying the 4th place). At that time, the fortune of Pavel Andreev was estimated at 2.5 billion dollars.
Andreev came to “LEK” as a simple manager answering a classified ad and grew to a Managing Partner. Gradually he began to privatize the company and its cash flows. He managed to do this totally in three years time.
In 2006, under the pretext of forming a transparent structure of “LEK” Andreev moved all assets to the new holding company LLC "Acoma". After that, with the help of formal directors of the companies reassigning to "Akom", Andreev made sure that his partner Andrey Rogachev had lost all his rights to the assets with the acronym LEK. After that there was an unprecedented cashing by LEK, starting from a billion dollars and above.
After Andreev started to spend actively company money on luxury, relaxation and entertainment, business executives of LEK started thinking about leaving the business as Andreev himself formally took no position in the group of companies, but for example Sergei Smirnov, the CEO of a dozen LEK technology companies signed many documents.
In 2008 Andreev appointed himself a general manager of LLC "Acom" without announcing about it other shareholders, including Rogachev, in violation of the company charter. Andreev himself said that he has always been the sole owner of the “Acom”.
95% of "Acom" belonged to the Edge Group Limited, registered in the British Virgin Islands. Andreev assured the company directors that his self-appointment was entirely legitimate.
Andreev also withdrew money received as an income in the years of 2006-2008, drawn from the banks, allegedly for the purchase of land plots - these funds were derived through a bogus transactions, such as Permsky racetrack and Nizhny Novgorod port when the assets were allegedly paid several times more than their real value.
At the same time, Andreev continued to spend huge money on advertising LEK as trusting people continued to bring him their money for nonexistent apartments, and this was his main source of income. The few facilities that remained in the company, Andreev spent on imitation of building processes at LEK building sites.
In 2007 Makromir, whose co-owners were Andreev and Rogachev, purchased the racetrack "Permsky" from the Permian businessmen Yuri Borisovets and Alexander Fleginsky. The plot was supposed to be built up, and the racetrack to be moved.
In 2008, Rogachev acquired 99% of the company Makromir, buying it out from Andreev. Before the deal they owned 50% of the British company Fire & Cooper, which owned 99% of the company LLC “Makromir”. Another 1% belonged to Igor Shablovsky. Andreev mentioned that the initiative of this transaction did not come from him.
After Rogachev had purchased the shares in the company of Andreev, Rogachev announced that the deal on racecourse was significantly overstated. It turned out that tuberculosis clinic was located on that racecourse, and sanitary regulations did not allow any construction there. After the purchase of Makromir by Andreev, LLC “SMU Fasadstroy" and LLC "Grand Prix" were not among the assets acquired by Rogachev.
After the purchase of Andreev shares in Makromir Rogachev circulated information that the deal amounted to only 5,000 pounds sterling. Rogachev said that this was due to a severe financial condition of the company. He also said that he invested an additional 163 million dollars to solve the financial problems of the company.
In October 2008, Rogachev went out from LEK, sending Andreev an offer to buy his 50%.
In November 2008, Igor Shablovsky was removed from the position of a general director of Makromir. The reason for his dismissal was named a major damage to the company, breach of employment contract and abuse of authority. Konstantin Arefin, from the team of Rogachev, was appointed a new CEO. During the inspection in connection with this, it became known that Shablovsky was not a shareholder of Makromir. This dismissal was not commented in LEK, citing that Andreev has nothing more to do with Makromir.
In February 2009, the firm “LEK Estate", co-owned by Andreev and Rogachev, filed a lawsuit in a court of arbitration to the company Makromir, demanding to return 227 million rubles as a debt for previously issued loans.
In February 2009, OOO "Grand Prix" and "SMU Fasadstroy" controlled by Andreev, decided to sell a part of lands in the racecourse “Permsky”. Funds from the sale were planned to be sent to pay off tax debts and the payment of interests on the loan in "Svyaz-Bank", which Makromir took to buy the racecourse.
In May 2009, Andreev gave the right to manage “LEK” company to an unknown U.S. citizen Inna Haladus, an emigrant from Russia and his female partner. She took part in the autumn cruise of Andreev.
Andreev rewrote to Haladus one of the companies owner LEK - Hingrow Ltd., registered in Cyprus. There were rumors that Haladus herself was the initiator of many LEK frauds, she took control over the offshore companies, owning LEK. Money from LEK group companies through a chain of intermediaries came to the accounts of companies registered in the Seychelles, the Bahamas, Bermudas and other island countries. Haladus was the director of these companies.
In May 2009 on the website of “LEK” company it was reported that Rogachev was neither a participant nor a shareholder of any building companies from the LEK group of companies.
In June 2009, Shablovsky died under mysterious circumstances in a train from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod. The official cause of death was called a heart attack, but Shablovsky never had heart problems. One source reported that in Novgorod Shablovsky had an appointment with a mediator for the sale of the Nizhny Novgorod port. According to him, he was carrying the documents, keys to the bank accounts and promissory notes with him.
While examining the body, case was not found and one of the two laptops of Shablovsky disappeared.
Shablovsky was the principal witness of all the frauds, implemented in Makromir under the management of Andreev. Together they carried out the purchase of Permsky racecourse.
Andreev himself said that Shablovsky was simply driven to it.
After the death of Shablovsky derived assets were taken over by former financial director of Makromir Alexander Leonov. But Andreev reserved the overall management.
In summer 2009, Andreev made business reorganization, and established several intermediary companies between LLC “Acom” and LEK subsidiaries: LLC "Bereg", LLC "Sever" and "Potok".
All assets were transferred to "Bereg" and "Sever" after three more companies LLC “Aurum”, LLC “Argentum" and "Cuprum" were founded, after that Rogachev ceased to be relevant to LEK. Restructuring helped Andreev to protect assets from 'Acom' creditors.
Meanwhile, real estate investors managed to bring in LEK more than a billion in exchange for a preliminary agreement of purchase non-existent apartments.
In 2009, Andreev bought a yacht for 150 million euros, and while she was being built, he went for a ride on rented floating facilities. In autumn 2008, he set sail for the Mediterranean, rent cost him 210,000 euros, and the whole trip - half a million. These costs includes the cost of luxurious furniture and interiors, fitness center, swimming pool with built-in bar, a personal chef, 25 service personnel - all these Andreev allowed himself in the midst of the crisis in autumn 2008. On returning from a cruise Andreev cut 400 people in LEK. Supposedly, it was all paid by cash, which was brought in LEK by real estate investors, and which then was released to the company G.S.K. and then - for various one-day firms and currency accounts.
In April 2009, a criminal case was prosecuted for fraud in a large size in relation to people trying to steal funds of “Makromir”, “Makromir-Finance” and “Makromir-Holding” acquired the shares of JSC "Nizhnenovgorodsky port" for money of Makromir. But the shares of the port were registered to other firms: "Shedry dom", "LEK Estate" and others. The documents of the transaction were signed by Shablovsky, the financial director of Makromir Alexander Leonov and lawyer of the firm Nadezda Vorozheykina.
The case was suspended in connection with the statement of "Makromir" of the recognition itself a bankrupt.
In 2009, Andreev was accused of putting pressure on the court, but the investigation did not give any results. Judge Natalia Lagutina announced resignation after Andreev and his representative by warrant Shevelev came to her and insisted on the abolition of measures to ensure the claim and removal of the arrest from the property, threatening by troubles at work and scandal. Andreev referred to his relationship with the chairman of the City Court Epifanova. The judge thought that she could not remain impartial after the incident, but went ahead and filed a petition to the court, on its basis another criminal case against Andreev was prosecuted. However, investigators did not reach any results.
In addition, it was decided that from November 1st, 2009 LEK should stop advertising their building sites.
By law, promotion of the purchase of non- existing housing is allowed, except for a joint construction. Gosstroynadzor found that the company LEK has no building permits, and no agreements for joint construction. In LEK commercials the permissions for other homes were mentioned.
In October 2009, LEK vacated its office in the center of St. Petersburg in the business center “Arena -Hall" due to lack of funds to pay the rent. Some of the employees of the company moved into trailers on one of the projects under construction. Previously, the entire archive of LEK was transferred from the central office to a new one, located on Dobroliubova street. Now it was taken to an unknown destination, which greatly complicated the investigation of the managerial activities of LEK and Andreev. Office on Dobrolyubova str. was the only one of the LEK offices, where one could get to with relative ease; all the other offices were strictly protected.
Yet the office of LEK on Nevsky Prospect was visited by law enforcement officers in order to conduct a search under investigation for theft of assets of JSC "Nizhnenovgorodsky port", which is now owned by entities affiliated with LEK and Andreev. Andreev was questioned till late at night. On the next day in the office on Nevsky pr. fire occurred. Documents were simply carried up on the staircase and burned, and because of the smoke someone called firefighters. According to LEK, a fire occurred in the smoking room.
During the search, some documents were discovered explaining the scheme of withdrawal from the LEK group, organized by Andreev and the chief financial officer Denis Kulikov.
After a search, the company received an inquiry with the requirement to provide accounting and financial documents relating to transactions between developers LEK LLC “Mechanical Plant" and "LEK V"and LLC "FA standard" and "VSP Invest”. In 2007-2008 through these companies more than 3.5 billion rubles from the real estate investors were withdrawn.
The scheme, on which LEK worked, was as follows. Equity holders were offered to sign a contract with the company-agent, such as with "G.S.K.” which collaborated with the VSP Invest, FA Standard, Nika LLC, Informsmart LLC and others. With the help of these companies the money of real estate investors were transferred to a non-cash. At obnalichnyh operations management LEK earned. Part of the money interest-holders in general has not reached development companies, and the conclusions in the offshore through front companies. At the slang of the tax such firms are called "garbage". General directors of such firms were random people are not informed about that through the companies listed on them, were a lot of money. Some of them in the past had a criminal record, and became the nominee directors for 500 rubles.
Money were run in a circle, one and the same works were paid several times, paid for nonexistent building materials. Multiple over-costs in the budget allowed underpaying hundreds of millions of rubles.
Meanwhile LEK because of debts was to sell apartments cheaper than its cost-price: money from real estate investors was no longer enough even to simulate building processes.
In December 2009, in the company's office of Terraon of Rogachev law enforcement officers conducted a search, during which the foundation and legal documents and the company stamps were discovered, registered on the former top managers of Makromir. Andreev asked his former managers not to pass the objects of Makromir to Rogachev before the deal is completed, after which Rogachev evacuated necessary documentation.
In the end of 2010, the company LEK decided to find another operator for retail space in the multifunctional complex "Graf Orlov" in the residential complex "London Park”. Previously a preliminary contract was signed with the company Makromir. Decision to change the operator was associated with the conflict between Andreev and Rogachev. Rogachev also said that after buying "Makromir" there were no contractual relations in respect of these objects.
In March 2009, the president of group of companies LEK Oleg Filippenkov left the company. Andreev explained his leaving that he wanted to take control over the company into his own hands. Rogachev stated that the Filippenkov’s dismissal was not agreed with him, as wel as many other things Andreev did.
In March 2009, just before the new regulations for land usage were entered in force and LEK was granted a permission to build a high-rise complex “Imperial” near the Novodevichy Monastery. At the same time in 2007, construction of the complex was carried out without permission of Gosstroynadzor, and 19-storey complex spoiled the historical view of the monastery. Construction at the time was suspended, and LEK was fined 1 million rubles, the commission on land usage and building restricted the height limit by 35 meters. However, the PZZ (land use and development rules) had no retroactive effect, and all that LEK had to do - was time to get permission of Gosstroynadzor and that was done. No other company failed to get approval of the draft in the similar situation previously.
Following the announcement of the sale of the racecourse, "Permsky" arbitral tribunal has registered two applications at the same time for recognition of a bankrupt from taxes and "GeoTehnology" LLC entering holding "Optimum" the former vice-governor of the Kama region Gennady Bunichev, for failure to pay on contracts for conducting surveying. Racecourse owners set out to pay the profits from its sale.
In April 2009, at the "Permsky" racecourse, the procedure of the external monitoring was introduced as an interim measure to suit LLC GeoTehnology. Andreev yet continued negotiating with Austrian potential buyers of racecourse.
Meanwhile, Rogachev was trying to challenge the treaties concluded by former senior executives of Makromir, including the deal on "Permsky" racecourse. Makromir sued the company "Grand-Pri" LLC to recover excess funds within the frames of the trust loan.
In summer 2009, the "Permsky" racecourse was declared bankrupt, and bankruptcy proceedings were launched against him. In the definition of the court it was said about the possibility of deliberate attempts to bankrupt the management of the racecourse.
In summer 2009, LEK company managed to restructure loan obligations to banks amounting to almost 7 billion rubles. In particular, an agreement was signed with Sberbank. At the same time the company relied on new loans for its projects.
In the same year LEK announced the establishment of its own construction self-regulatory organization (SRO) under the title "Interregional non-profit partnership for promotion in the development of construction sector” with its head office in Novosibirsk. It was necessary to create it before January 1, 2010, or join the one already existing SROs, because since that time, the construction companies for building permits must be in SROs. But the companies, knowing about the reputation of LEK, did not hurry to join with the company into one organization.
In late 2009, the conflict between Andreev and Rogachev got a new development. At a meeting of shareholders of OJSC "Nizhnenovgorodsky port" Andreev’s structures, controlling the port initiated an increase in its authorized capital. But minority shareholders blocked it. In Makromir it looked like that by doing so they saved the assets of the port from being stolen.
In May 2010, Absolut Bank has filed a law-suit against LEK company with a demand payment of overdue loans. Andreev said that the situation is under control, and there are negotiations with the bank.
In June 2010, Rogachev, filed a law-suit in the Court of Arbitration, where he demanded from Andreev 310 million rubles in arrears of Makromir to Sberbank, which he paid in January 2010. When the credit was taken from Sberbank, Andreev, and Rogachev acted as guarantees, whereby Rogachev expects to recover his costs.
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