Hearts: The Transnational Crime. Click for detail
Clubs: Interregional Crime Level. Click for detail
Diamonds: Crime at the federal level. Click for detail
Spades: Crime at the regional level. Click for detail
Born June 4, 1976 in the village Butyn, Odintsovo district, Moscow region. In 1993 he graduated from high school in Alabino military settlement of Kalininets and in the same year he moved to Moscow.
In 1998 he graduated from the Russian Peoples' Friendship University, legal sciences department. In 2001, he graduated from the Faculty of Finance and Credit, Finance Academy under the RF Government.
From 2000 to 2007 he held various positions in the apparatus of the Russian Democratic Party "Yabloko" (Apple). In the parliamentary elections in 2003 he led the election campaign of the Yabloko party in the elections to the Duma in Moscow. In these elections, "Yabloko" showed the best result among all the regional headquarters.
In April 2004, Navalny became chief of staff of the Moscow branch of Yabloko and remained on that position until February 2007. In addition, from 2004 until the summer of 2007 he was deputy chairman of the Moscow branch of the Party branch at that time it was headed by Sergey Mitrokhin.
In the summer of 2004, Navalny was elected Executive Secretary under "Yabloko" Committee for Protection of Muscovites who opposed the infill construction, and in 2006-2007 Navalny was a member of the Federal Council of Yabloko.
In August 2005, Navalny was included in the Public Council of the Central Administrative District of Moscow, created as a tool to influence public decision-making power structures before the start of the campaign for the elections to the Moscow City Duma. In November the same year, Navalny became one of the initiators of the Youth Public Chamber, an organization whose purpose was youth participation in legislative initiatives. At the Moscow City Duma elections, held in December 2005, Navalny ran under the list of “Yabloko - United Democrats". At this time he became acquainted with one of the leaders of the political party Union of Right Forces Nikita Belykh.
In 2005, Navalny co-sponsored a youth social movement "DA! - Democratic Alternative”, among the organizers of the movement there was also the daughter of a famous Russian politician and economist Yegor Gaidar, Maria Gaidar, as well as the correspondent of the magazine The New Times, the head of the fund Think Moldova, Natalia Morar. he participated in several projects of this movement,. In particular, Navalny was referred to as a project coordinator in "DA! for the freedom of the media!" and the project "Millitia and the people”. In connection with the draft movement associated with law enforcement agencies, Navalny with his associates conducted raids on police stations to verify compliance with the rights of detainees.
In early 2006, Navalny, Gaidar and the press secretary of the Yabloko party Sergey Kazakov created another project - "Political debate" in which public meetings between politicians and public figures were organized in the clubs.
June 23, 2007 Navalny become one of the founders of the movement "Narod” (The People), with the ideology of "democratic nationalism" - the struggle for democracy and the rights of Russians. Co-Chairmen of the movement were Navalny, as well as writers Sergey Gulyaev and Zakhar Prilepin. In connection with participation in the creation of the movement "Narod" already in July 2007, Navalny was forced to resign from the post of deputy head of the Moscow "Yabloko".
In December 2009, Navalny together with the Russian edition of Forbes magazine organized a project to protect the rights of minority shareholders - Centre for the Protection of Shareholders.
In early 2009, shortly after his appointment Governor of the Kirovskaya Oblast, Nikita Belykh appointed Navalny his adviser. In the summer of that year, Navalny led non-profit organization Foundation for supporting the initiatives of the Governor of the Kirovskaya Oblast.
Alexey Navalny is a minority shareholder in several companies, such as Surgutneftegaz, Rosneft, Gazpromneft, Sberbank, VTB, etc. As a shareholder, Alexey Navalny helds regular scandals and accused top management of the companies of many abuses. At the same time Navalny had a minimum number of shares of Rosneft totaling at 60 thousand rubles ($ 1700); there were about 130 thousand shareholders like this in Rosneft.
Navalny was recognized as Person of the Year 2009 by the business newspaper Vedomosti. At the same time he was voted "Man of the Year" by the exchange monitor of Stock In Focus.
Navalny is the author of one of the most popular social and political and business blogs on LiveJournal.
Alexey Navalny is married; in 2008 the couple had a son.
Since the second half of the 2000's, formerly a professional stocks trader, Navalny became interested in issues of minority shareholders. In 2008, he began to actively engage in so-called "Invest-activism" - buying small stakes in large companies (in particular, he is a minority shareholder in Surgutneftegaz, Transneft, Rosneft, Gazpromneft, TNK-BP, « Sberbank and VTB), and then insisted on the rights of the shareholder disclosure about the activities of the management, which could effect the income of the shareholders and transparency of companies.
In autumn 2006 the press pointed to Navalny as one of the organizers of "Russian March" prepared by nationalist organizations, but he categorically denied it. Nevertheless, Navalny participated as an observer in the meetings of the committee organizing the demonstration on the purposes of protection of citizens' rights to hold peaceful assemblies.
A major scandal, organized by Navalny, was an alleged embezzlement of $ 150 million by the branch officials of state-owned bank VTB after the purchase of 30 Chinese oil platforms in 2007. The government initially refused to file a criminal case, saying that there was a sufficient reason for this, but later the Moscow prosecutor's office sent the case file to the police to consider the issue of a criminal case initiation.
Alexey Navalny organized a project for the channel TVC - the program "Boytsovsky Club” (Fight Club). In April 2007, after only two shows, that persormed a high rating, the program was suddenly withdrawn off the air. Navalny connected the closure of the program with the existence of "stop-list" made by authorities, forbidding appearance of certain individuals on television.
In November 2007, Alexey Navalny participated in the meeting of the organizing committee of "Russian March" as an observer. Navalny publicly stated that he did not declaim any slogans of "Russian March". In this regard, deputy chairman of Yabloko, Sergey Ivanenko made a critical statement, and in December 2007, at a meeting of the Bureau of the Party Navalny demanded the immediate resignation of the party chairman and all of its deputies and the re-election of at least 70 percent of the bureau; by majority vote, he was expelled from Yabloko with the wording "for causing political damage to the party, in particular, for the nationalistic activity "
In 2007, Navalny figured in scandals related to his ongoing television program "Political debate". In February, during the debate between publicists Julia Latynina and Maxim Kononenko radical nationalists appeared led by Maxim Martsinkewich (nicknamed Tesak /"Slasher"), Navalny gave him floor, confirming his nationalist beliefs. Nevertheless, after the debate Navalny filed a statement on Martsinkewich to the police. In October, after the debate between Maria Gaidar and writer Eduard Bagirov, involving violations of the order in the hall, Navalny fired a traumatic gun in a car mechanic Timur Teziev. According to Navalny, Teziev tried to disrupt the debate: he was sent by the Kremlin structures responsible for internal policy and work with young people, including first deputy head of the Presidential Administration Vladislav Surkov. After a six-month trial case of Navalny’s attack on Teziev was discontinued.
In May 2008, Alexey Navalny announced that he, together with a group of like-minded people, was going to find out why the trader Gunvor sold oil of the largest Russian state and who the beneficial owners were. Navalny said that Rosneft, Gazpromneft and Surgutneftegaz conceal their cooperation with the oil trader from the shareholders. He made a statement that the companies were robbing the shareholders. He demanded in court to open information on contracts concluded by Russian oil corporations with Swiss-registered intermediary firm Gunvor International B.V..The court rejected Navalny’s claims three times. The media believed that Navalny’s interest in Gunvor was due to the revelations of the Russian political analyst Stanislav Belkovsky in the Washington Post about the connection of ex-President Vladimir Putin with the company Gunvor; ostensibly, Putin owns 75 percent of the company Gunvor - oil trader, based in Switzerland; it was settled by Gennady Timchenko , a friend of Vladimir Putin. Alexey Navalny demanded to indicate the volume and conditions on which Rosneft, Gazpromneft, Surgutneftegaz sold oil to Gunvor.
In December 2008, Alexey Navalny made a statement in the press exposing the managers of Gazprom, who made several deals in their own interest and tried to cash funds in Latvia. He attained the criminal case initiation, which was discontinued on July 10, 2009. Navalny through the Internet has turned for help to the citizens and asked everyone to send an official letter to the prosecutor. Then the Investigation Committee of the Russian Interior Ministry received 512 formal complaints, and the decision to close the case was changed.
As a shareholder of Gazprom, Alexey Navalny stated that his company was robbed. According to him, Gazprom was able to buy oil directly from the company engaged in oil exploration, but still it allowed a certain third company to be an intermediary in the transaction, thus Gazprom is overpaying for oil twice as much because of intermediaries. The feed would goes directly from catcher to the tube of Gazprom, and the profit goes to the firm- intermediary. At the same time, top managers of Gazprom and the state itself did not recognize themselves the victim. Nevertheless, Navalny, as a shareholder of Gazprom, was officially recognized a victim in the criminal case of theft of money from Mezhregiongaz - one of the subsidiaries of the company. There were six defendants in the criminal case instituted on thefts. Those were deputy director of Mezhregiongaz Igor Dmitriev, Director of "Novatek" Alexander Lyadov, former CEO of OOO Transinvestgaz Galina Sheremet, Tatyana Gulyaeva, the former chief accountant of "Trastinvestgaz", the CEO of "Transinvestgaz” Dmitry Novikov and Igor Kataev, the CEO of OOO "Investment Agency" Intellekt i Pravo". They were accused of abuse of power. The investigator handling the criminal case warned Navalny that the director of the department "Novotek" (oil producer) Alexander Lyadov, the one who had been signing the papers for the passage of oil through intermediary firms, died under mysterious circumstances in the beginning of the investigation.
In 2008, Alexey Navalny filed a lawsuit to force Rosneft to open information about the supply contracts concluded with Gunvor. The Moscow Arbitration Court dismissed the claim, saying that according to the Russian law the company was not required to show its trade relations with Gunvor. After having his claims denied, Navalny was going to sue over the alleged violations of property rights against Rosneft in the European Court of Human Rights. At the same time Representatives of Rosneft argued that shareholders had access to all information required under the Russian law.
In January 2009, Alexey Navalny, as a minority shareholder in Rosneft and Transneft, filed a petition in the Federal Arbitration Court of Moscow District for reinstatement of the procedure term for his two claims on obliging the companies to provide information. Earlier, the Arbitration Court and the Ninth Moscow Arbitration Appeal Court dismissed writs by Navalny, which asked to oblige "Rosneft" to provide information on doing business with oil trader Gunvor. Navalny filed similar requirements for transactions to Surgutneftegaz, which also is a minority shareholder. Analysts believe that the actions of Navalny are just a promotion event, as his shares in the companies are negligible for attaining information, which he claims.
At the same time, in his claim to "Transneft" Navalny required to disclose information about the company payments to charity in 2007. According to him, the charity costs of the holding were excessive and detrimental to shareholders as they reduce the size of dividends. Upon the request of Alexey Navalny chairman of MDM Bank, an independent director of Transneft, Oleg Vyugin sent a letter to the chairman of the board of Transneft, Sergey Shmatko; he proposed to put on the board of directors the publication of information related to charitable activities, as in 2007 Transneft spent for this purpose 7,2 billion rubles, but did not disclose the names of aid recipients to the shareholders. In 2008, Navalny sued "Transneft" in the Arbitration Court of Moscow, but lost: the company proved that it was not obliged to disclose the recipients of its charity.
In 2009, law enforcement inspection of the company "VTB-Leasing" upon the application of Navalny resulted in the following: when drilling rigs were bought, about 160 million went to the accounts of the Cyprus offshore. The inspection resulted in resignation of the director of this company. VTB President Andrey Kostin admitted that the manager had been fired for using illegal schemes.
On May 7, 2010 Alex Navalny filed a suit in the Moscow Arbitration Court, in which he requested for disclosure of data of Savings Bank on compensation paid to president Dmitry Medvedev and Chairman of the Board of Directors German Gref. According to Navalny, there was a graph in the minutes of the supervisory board in 2009 with rewards of Gref and members of the Supervisory Board, marked as 'Confidential”. Savings Bank had previously reported that in 2009 bonuses of 23,8 million rubles were paid to the members of the Supervisory Board, and the total amount of payments to top managers amounted to 423.6 million rubles. Then they did not report on the way those funds had been distributed among the members of the Supervisory Board.
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